Posted November 29, 2018 06:22:28 It’s no secret that the African city is riddled with conflict.
The capital, Lagos, is currently the epicenter of violence and insecurity, with an estimated 300,000 civilians and 1.8 million security personnel killed or injured since the start of 2017.
Now, a new study by the African National Congress’ (ANC) Institute for Security and Coexistence (ISCC) and The Conversation is shedding light on why so many African cities have been locked down for so long, and how these city walls can be destroyed without the use of violence.
“We know that if you break the walls, you will get them back,” says Muhyiddin Abdulla, a professor at the University of Oxford and author of the study.
“It is only by building new walls that you can stop the cycle of violence.”
The new research was conducted by a team of researchers from the University, the University College London (UCL), and the University in Cape Town (UCT) as part of a project entitled “Building the Walls: A Global Assessment of the Construction and Maintenance of the African City.”
“Building walls is very complicated,” Abdullas says.
“The walls need to be reinforced with concrete and steel, and the city must have a network of roads and public spaces.
But in the case of Lagos the situation is complicated because there are no roads, which are very costly and in the last decade we have seen huge increases in the use and abuse of private cars.”
While building a new wall is expensive and time consuming, it’s also dangerous.
According to Abduella, building a barrier would require at least five walls, at least 50 metres high, and would be more costly than a wall that only protects one side of the city.
“If you have an old wall, you need to replace it, which costs up to $1 million,” Abrulla says.
And if you need an expensive barrier that’s not connected to the city, the cost of replacing it can be as much as $200,000.
In the last ten years, the country has witnessed an increase in violent crimes, especially robberies, and in some cases the killing of civilians.
The government has been slow to respond to the violence and the lack of access to education, so the study also looked at what barriers the country’s governments have put in place to prevent the spread of conflict.
It found that in many cases, building new fences and building new roads were used to deter people from entering a given city.
In some cases, the fences have been used to stop people from crossing into the city from other parts of the country, and to prevent looting.
“This is a real paradox, because we have built so many barriers to prevent people from coming in, yet people can get through and continue their attacks,” Abundlla says, adding that this has led to the situation being “so much worse” than it was before.
This has also created a vacuum for the spread and development of criminal gangs.
The study, which was conducted in cooperation with the African Development Bank and the African Union, found that the walls are also used by drug cartels, especially in the eastern part of the nation.
“In some parts of Africa, drug traffickers use walled cities to increase their profits,” Abuja says.
In these areas, they can easily buy drugs from the streets and then deliver them to the drug dealers.
Abduala and his team also found that drug traffickers often use the walled urban areas as a means to smuggle drugs, weapons, and money to other parts in the country.
“When they come to Lagos from other cities, they bring their weapons and drugs with them,” Abulaya says.
Abruja points out that these drugs can be found at gunpoint in the walls.
“They have money to buy weapons and weapons to use against other people,” Abri says.
These crimes are only one of the ways in which the African continent is increasingly being divided into different areas, which is why it is important to develop solutions that work across borders.
Abuwaqa Oumar, who co-authored the study, agrees.
“There is a global threat that comes with building walls and barriers in African cities.
There are a lot of people who have been killed and displaced in the city walls,” Oumar says.
But this is no reason to give up on the fight to build these walls.
She says the fight against the spread is far from over.
“I think building walls is a great idea.
The problem is the lack, because it is very difficult to control, how people can go from one place to another,” she says.
Oumar adds that building walls in Africa has to be done in collaboration with the local communities.
“You have to take care of the people, you have to work with them.
It is very important that we do this in